What if we were to think about achieving the same (aggregate) result with less effort, in terms of time based product, at a macroeconomic level? The productivity of time based product, includes some hidden factors which have yet to be explored. Individual firms often reduce time input via automation for time based product, in order to reduce budgetary burdens. Nevertheless, potential losses of time based product, need to be understood, in relation to the inputs that society already expects for human capital investment, as one's personal responsibility.
Time value needs better representation as aggregate supply potential. Today's managed pools for aggregate demand, are resulting in arbitrary input reductions at the level of the firm, in spite of ongoing input expectations of human capital investment, outside the firm. This result also suggests problems for Solow Residual effects in time based product. Not so much because of firm specific input limits, but in terms of broader limits to output potential. It means that due to externalized investment expectations for human capital, there are far more investment inputs than are actually being utilized by today's knowledge use organizational patterns. Some human capital investment never gains economic compensation, while other investment processes for human capital end up reimbursed many times over; by consumers, governments, businesses and taxpayers alike.
If one were to consider the production of input requirements (formal education) in a total or aggregate input/output context, the ongoing losses for wealth potential and marketplace formation, would become more obvious. When extensive human capital investment (input) is required before output ever becomes possible, multiple institutions and populations are held responsible for the balance. Individuals bear ultimate responsibility for building time value, and the consequent human capital losses for knowledge use production primarily as institutional aggregate demand, have not been well understood.
One can only imagine, how an incomplete production process such as this would impact tradable sectors. It would be as though multiple suppliers were making tangible product, of which only a small portion would finally be sold as final product. Few companies in such a position would last very long. Yet this has been the institutional process for time based product, thus far. We are fortunate indeed, that so much lost human capital potential in the twentieth century, did not have the negative effects which are beginning to accrue in the present.
A more rational approach is more output via better use of already existing input, for time based product. Time based product needs to be understood as a macroeconomic variant, to the normal institutional application of the Solow Residual. By internalizing input and output for services generation, more educational inputs would result in matched time use outputs, for all concerned. Through time arbitrage, one's human capital investment would begin to receive compensation much earlier than is presently possible, by making services output an integral part of the process. Whereas now, formal education has little room for output formation, until the participant has spent years completing input requirements.
Historically: So long as tradable sector activity remains dominant over non tradable sector activity, management of time value as pools of institutional aggregate demand, need not be problematic. But once non tradable sector activity and its associated knowledge use comes to the fore, it is no longer enough to treat time value as institutional demand. The introduction of time value as an aggregate supply function, could restore the productivity patterns which move growth forward. Managed pools of human capital supply, would bring greater transparency to the input to output ratios that are currently required for human capital.
In summary, if we consider educational inputs as part of the reality of aggregate input, the entire picture for aggregate input in relation to aggregate output (for time based product) takes on a whole new meaning. Yet the current dependence of today's time based product on other existing wealth, has obscured this important fact. Instead of creating more uncertainty for human capital investment through arbitrary reductions of time value, better results could be achieved by reinforcing educational input as continuous output. At issue is not so much a further reduction in input as contrast with output, but instead, allowing aggregate output in time based product, to gain greater quantification and representation, throughout the entire process.